Ein kurioser Rechtsstatus macht die Ureinwohner Kaliforniens zu den Herren des Glücksspiels. Vier Milliarden Dollar jährlich tragen die Zocker in die Casinos. Indianerstämme, Stamm, Indianerstamm: Apachen, Cheyenne, Lakota, Dakota, Sioux, Comanchen, Cheyenne, Crow, Arapaho, Irokesen. Indianer-Casinos betreiben eine ganz besondere Art von Entwicklungshilfe! Erfahren Sie mehr über das lukrative Glücksspiel auf heiligen Stammesboden.
Warum dürfen Indianer Casinos betreiben?Der genannte Indianer-Stamm "Tappacola" ist selbstverständlich fiktiv, doch die in Indianerreservaten als lukrative Einnahmequelle geführten Spielkasinos. die Informantin will sich schützen, denn es geht um ein lukratives Kasino im Reservat des Tappacola-Stammes und Geschäfte der Küstenmafia mehr erfahren. und spannend ist, erfährt man über lange Teile lediglich Informationen über die Tappacola Indianer und wie sie autark neben dem Staat für sich funktionieren.
Tappacola Navigation menu VideoФранческа Риттондини я все сама
The fictional Tappacola Nation , a small Native American tribe located in the northern part of Florida, starts a casino in their reservation, giving the tribe members an unprecedented economic affluence and a measure of compensation for their sufferings during the centuries of European settlement, but also opening wide the potential for corruption and involvement with organized crime , up to and including outright murder.
A mysterious source contacts the fictional Florida Board on Judicial Conduct BJC ,  promising information that will reveal the identity and crimes of the most corrupt judge in U.
Investigator Lacy Stoltz is assigned to the case, and takes her sometime-partner Hugo Hatch with her to St. Augustine , Florida to meet the source in person.
The source is revealed to be a disgraced lawyer from Pensacola named Ramsey Mix. Over the course of almost two decades, Judge McDover has aided the local Coast Mafia in their scheme to build a casino in partnership with the Tappacola Indian Nation.
Aside from skimming money from the casino, the Coast Mafia has also been responsible for many nearby real estate developments , with any legal problems smoothed over by McDover in exchange for cash payments and condominiums.
In addition, the Coast Mafia has staged the murder of Son Razko, a prominent anti-casino member of the Tappacola Nation, and McDover has falsely convicted Razko's right-hand man, Junior Mace, of the crime.
Mix has been given this information by an intermediary representing an unknown " mole " close to McDover. Das Interesse, sich durch hohe Einkommen mit Geldreserven und materiellen Gütern einzudecken, wie dies in der europäischen Lebensvorstellung der Fall ist, ist sehr gering.
Vielmehr leisten sie sporadische Arbeitseinsätze, die ihre Grundbedürfnisse wieder für eine Weile befriedigen.
Sie treffen seltener finanzielle Vorsorge als die übrige amerikanische Bevölkerung. Darüber hinaus herrscht ein weniger ausgeprägtes Konkurrenzdenken vor.
All diese Faktoren hemmen den Aufbau einer Industrie in den Reservaten. Weitere negative Voraussetzungen sprechen gegen den Industriestandort Indianerreservat.
Dazu kommt ein Klima der politischen Instabilität und undurchsichtige Kompetenzstreitigkeiten. Fragen, mit wem potenzielle Investoren verhandeln müssen oder welche Kompetenzen der jeweilige Verhandlungspartner hat, sind schwer zu klären.
Ein wichtiges Hemmnis stellt auch der Kapitalmangel dar. Von Seiten der Indianer können kaum Industrieunternehmen finanziert werden. Zudem werden die Reservate und deren Bewohner meist als nicht kreditwürdig eingestuft.
Die hohe Arbeitslosigkeit bedeutet für die Unternehmer billige Arbeitskräfte. Die Umweltschutzauflagen in den Reservaten sind sehr gering, deren Kontrolle praktisch inexistent.
Gezielte Steuervergünstigungen und staatliche Wirtschaftsförderungen sollen Investoren anlocken. Im Vergleich zum ausländischen Industriestandort mit Billiglöhnen entfallen in Reservaten der Zoll und das Währungsrisiko.
Die kanadische Legislation erlaubt nicht, dass Grundstücke innerhalb der Reservate an Nicht-Ureinwohner verkauft werden. Deshalb sind Hypotheken und Kredite darauf nicht handelbar.
Daher gibt es wenig Investitionstätigkeit. Seit einiger Zeit verbessern zahlreiche US-amerikanische Reservate durch Indianerkasinos ihre wirtschaftlichen Grundlagen.
Problematisch ist neben der Arbeitssituation auch das Schulwesen. Lange Zeit boten sich indianischen Kindern oft nur Internatsschulen an.
I want to bust Judge McDover so my client can collect a small fortune for blowing the whistle. Myers finished a beer and wiped his mouth with the back of his hand.
I guess your job is to find out. Lacy and Hugo exchanged quick glances. They had been there for two hours, were starving and not sure where they would find lunch, but suddenly uncertain as to whether it was a good idea to eat on the boat.
Myers, though, was already stepping below. Three places were set at a glass-top table in the cramped galley. An air conditioner somewhere was hard at work and the air was refreshingly cool.
The smell of grilled fish hung heavy. Carlita scurried about, obviously delighted to have someone to cook for. She served a platter of fish tacos, poured sparkling water from a bottle, and asked if anyone wanted wine.
No one did, and she disappeared deeper into the cabin. Myers did not touch his food, but instead resumed his narrative.
The real money in this little conspiracy is her portion of the monthly skim from the casino. If not, there are sufficient allegations to get her removed from the bench, and probably indicted.
The statute says you have forty-five days from today to serve a copy of the complaint on Judge McDover.
Well, that worries me. Her first phone call will be to Dubose, and at that point a lot of crazy stuff could start happening.
Dubose will panic, circle the wagons, maybe even start looking for someone to intimidate. How long can you stall? Lacy and Hugo studied each other.
However, if she attacks the way you predict, her lawyers will nitpick everything. Myers sipped some water and smiled.
Me, the middleman who referred the client to me, and the client himself or herself. The middleman and I refer to the client as the mole.
Myers crammed half a soft taco into his mouth and chewed slowly. The boat rocked in the wake of something larger out there.
Trusted too much, it appears. You said these people, meaning Dubose and his gang, are very smart and use good lawyers. Obviously, McDover also needs a good lawyer to clean her share of the dirty money.
Who does she hire? So close that they might be more than just friends. They swallowed hard and digested this. I need a beer.
Anybody want a beer? They left him on the pier, waving good-bye and promising to keep in touch.
He had dropped hints about disappearing into even deeper cover, now that the complaint was filed and would soon cause trouble. Lacy and Hugo had detected nothing that would indicate how or why Vonn Dubose and Claudia McDover would suspect Greg Myers, formerly known as Ramsey Mix and a man they had supposedly never met.
It was another gap in his story, of which there were far too many. John Grisham's 'The Whistler' Chapter 4.
Save FB Tweet ellipsis More. Image zoom. I thought it was part of Treasure Key. You got a more descriptive name? How does the mole know so much? Close Share options.
All rights reserved. Close View image. Some Apalachees migrated to Louisiana , where their descendants now live; some were taken to Cuba and Mexico by the Spanish in the 18th century, and a few may have been absorbed into the Seminole and Miccosukee tribes.
The first people arrived in Florida before the extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna. A carved bone depicting a mammoth found near the site of Vero man has been dated to 13, to 20, years ago.
Florida's environment at the end of the Pleistocene was very different from that of today. Florida had about twice the land area, its water table was much lower.
Its climate also was cooler and much drier. There were few running rivers or springs in what is today's Florida. The few water sources in the interior of Florida were rain-fed lakes and water holes over relatively impervious deposits of marl , or deep sinkholes partially filled by springs.
With water available only at scattered locations, animals and humans would have congregated at the water holes to drink.
The concentration of animals would have attracted hunters. Many Paleoindian artifacts and animal bones showing butchering marks have been found in Florida rivers, where deep sinkholes in the river bed would have provided access to water.
Sites with Paleoindian artifacts also have been found in flooded river valleys as much as 17 feet 5. Half of the Paleoindian sites in Florida may now be under water in the Gulf of Mexico.
Materials deposited in the late Pleistocene and early Holocene in sinkholes in the beds of rivers were covered by silt and sealed in place before the water table rose high enough to create running rivers, and those layers remained undisturbed until excavated by archaeologists.
These deposits preserved organic materials, including bone, ivory, wood, and other plant remains. Archaeologists have found direct evidence that Paleoindians in Florida hunted mammoths, mastodons , Bison antiquus , and giant tortoises.
The bones of other large and small animals, including ground sloths , tapirs , horses , camelids , deer, fish, turtles, shellfish, snakes, raccoons, opossums, and muskrats are associated with Paleoindian sites.
Organic materials are not well preserved in the warm, wet climate and often acidic soils of Florida. Organic materials that can be dated through radiocarbon dating are rare at Paleoindian sites in Florida, usually found only where the material has remained under water continuously since the Paleoindian period.
Stone tools are therefore often the only clues to dating prehistoric sites without ceramics in Florida. Projectile points probably used on spears, the bow and arrow did not appear until much later have distinctive forms that can be fairly reliably assigned to specific time periods.
The earliest well-dated material from the Paleoindian period in Florida is from the Page-Ladson site, where points resembling pre-Clovis points found at Cactus Hill have been recovered from deposits dated to 14, to 14, calibrated calendar years BP BCE , about 1, years before the appearance of the Clovis culture.
Simpson and Suwannee points are the most common early Paleoindian points found in Florida. Most projectile points associated with early Paleoindians have been found in rivers.
Projectile points of the late Paleoindian period, particularly Bolen points, are often found on dry land sites, as well as in rivers. Paleoindians in Florida used a large variety of stone tools besides projectile points.
These tools include blades, scrapers of various kinds, spokeshaves , gravers , gouges , and bola stones. Some of the tools, such as the Hendrix scraper of the early Paleoindian period, and the Edgefield scraper of the late Paleoindian period, are distinctive enough to aid in dating deposits.
A few underwater sites in Florida have yielded Paleoindian artifacts of ivory, bone, antler, shell, and wood.
A type of artifact found in rivers in northern Florida is the ivory foreshaft. One end of a foreshaft was attached to a projectile point with pitch and sinew.
The other end was pointed, and pressure-fitted into a wood shaft. The foreshafts were made from mammoth ivory, or possibly, in some cases, from mastodon ivory.
A shell "trigger" may be from an atlatl spear-thrower.