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Each team plays 29 games between February and September: 11 home games, 11 away games, Magic Weekend and an additional 6 'loop fixtures' decided by league positions.
The top five then enter the play-off series leading to the Grand Final which determines the champions. The bottom team is relegated to the Championship.
A "super league" competition was first mooted during the Australian Super League war as a way for Rupert Murdoch to gain the upper hand during the battle for broadcasting supremacy with the Australian Rugby League.
Murdoch also approached the British clubs to form Super League. A large sum of money aided the decision, and the competition got under way in Part of the deal saw rugby league switch from a winter to a summer season.
The 12 founding teams of Super League were:. Helens and Wigan. However this proved so unpopular that only existing clubs were selected for the competition.
The clubs finishing below 10th in the existing top flight were excluded, which meant Featherstone Rovers, Hull, Wakefield Trinity and Widnes were left out, as were pioneering club Keighley who had just won the Second Division Championship.
London Broncos , who had come fourth in the Second Division, were "fast-tracked" in on commercial grounds. A new team, Paris Saint-Germain , was created to give a French dimension.
Between and there was no relegation from Super League. After two years Paris were dropped from the competition. To facilitate this move, two clubs were relegated from Super League at the end of the season: Leigh who finished bottom of the league were replaced by the one club coming up from the National Leagues and Widnes who finished 11th and would have stayed up any other year were dropped for Les Catalans, thus the number of clubs in Super League remained at Super League licences were announced in May by the RFL as the new determinant of the Super League competition's participants from in place of promotion and relegation.
The licences were awarded after consideration of more factors than just the on-the-field performance of a club.
The RFL stated that clubs applying to compete in Super League would be assessed by criteria in four areas stadium facilities, finance and business performance, commercial and marketing and playing strength, including junior production and development with the final evaluations and decisions being taken by the RFL board of directors.
Successful applicants were licensed for three years of Super League competition and  three-yearly reviews of Super League membership took place to ensure ambitious clubs lower down the leagues can still be successful.
Points attained by each club's application are translated into licence grades A, B or C. Clubs who achieved an A or B Licence would be automatically awarded a place in Super League, while those who achieved a C Licence underwent further scrutiny before the RFL decided who made the final cut.
Celtic Crusaders becoming the first Welsh team to play in Super League and the only team to be awarded a licence who had never played in the Super League previously.
Featherstone Rovers , Halifax , Leigh and Widnes all failed to attain a licence. Leigh and Widnes, especially, were disappointed with their exclusions with Leigh's chairman being extremely critical of the RFL.
For the —14 seasons Championship sides Batley , Barrow , Featherstone Rovers , Halifax and Widnes all met the on-field criteria needed to submit an application,  but despite this only Barrow, Halifax and Widnes decided to submit an application.
The Rugby Football League 's final decision was announced on 26 July , Widnes would be joining thirteen existing Super League teams with Crusaders RL having withdrawn their application and Halifax not meeting the criteria.
At the Annual General Meeting at Bradford , the Super League clubs agreed to reduce the number of clubs to 12 from , and also for a return of Promotion and Relegation with a 12 club Championship.
The 12 First Utility Super League and 12 Kingstone Press Championship clubs played each other home and away over 22 "rounds", plus a Magic Weekend for both divisions, making a game regular season.
Following the conclusion of their regular league seasons, the 24 clubs then competed in a play-off series where they split into 3 leagues of 8 based upon league position:  .
Funding for clubs was tiered in both leagues to prevent relegation-related financial difficulties. In June 8 of the 12 Super League clubs voted to allow a Marquee Player that could exceed a clubs salary cap as long as they can afford their wages.
The marquee player rule came into force for the Super League season. On 14 September , an EGM was called to discuss the future of the sport and a change in structure, as the clubs were in favour of scrapping the Super 8s in favour of a more conventional structure .
The Super League clubs voted to split from the RFL and appoint their own CEO to have more control over TV and sponsorship money as well as scrapping the Super 8s but retaining promotion and relegation to apease the Championship clubs.
They play each other twice on a home-and-away basis, interrupted by the Magic Weekend round in May. The 12 clubs also play 6 loop fixtures to bring the number of games in a season to The team finishing bottom after 29 rounds collects the Wooden Spoon, and is relegated, while the team finishing first is awarded the League Leaders Shield.
The top 5 teams at the end of the season enter the playoffs. Super League adopted Golden point during regular season for the first time in , bringing it in line with the NRL which had been using the system since In an attempt to expand out of the traditional rugby league "heartlands", and market the game to a wider audience, the RFL has staged games in large stadiums, in places without a strong rugby league presence.
The " Magic Weekend " concept, which involves staging an entire round of Super League in such a stadium, was first staged in Cardiff in Dubbed "Millennium Magic", and played in the Millennium Stadium , the concept was held in Cardiff again in In and , the event was held in Edinburgh at the Scottish national rugby union stadium, giving rise to the name changing to "Murrayfield Magic".
Generally held during the May Day weekend, saw the Magic Weekend return to Cardiff, and was held during the weekend 12—13 February, and serving as the season opener.
In , the event was held at Anfield in Liverpool , before returning to Newcastle for the season. The play-offs have had various formats.
Helens are the only team to take part in every playoff series since the inaugural series in The current play-off system was previously used between and From week two on the Top five play-offs system reflected exactly the Page playoff system.
The Grand Final is the championship-deciding game and showpiece event of the Super League season. It is held annually at Old Trafford.
The Challenge Cup is a separate cup competition, involving clubs from Super League and all levels of rugby league in Britain.
It has been held annually since and has been expanded to teams in Canada, Serbia, Ireland, Russia, France, Scotland and Wales can take part. The cup runs throughout the season, and the final is usually played on the August bank holiday at Wembley Stadium.
Before Super League began in , the final used to take place at Wembley Stadium at the end of April or the start of May, usually 2 weeks after the regular season ended.
In and Super League clubs were unhappy with the Dual registration system and wanted to form an under reserve leagues between the unders and first teams.
Wigan, Warrington and St Helens were the first teams to propose the return of the reserve league where players could move from the under 19s and play with professional players before playing in the first team.
A reserve league was set up in with a mixture of Super League, Championship and League 1 teams. Dual registration refers to an arrangement between clubs whereby a player continues to be registered to his current Super League club and is also registered to play for a club in the Championship.
The system is aimed at young Super League players who are thought to be not quite ready to make the step up to 'week in, week out' Super League first team duties but for whom first team match experience is likely to be beneficial for their development.
The league format changed in and the championship became a play-off series to determine the Super League champions. This meant a reintroduction of a final to determine the European champions, the first since the —73 season.
For the first 2 seasons of Super League, there was no Grand Final — The winners of the league were the team that finished top, as before in the previous Championship leagues.
In rugby league , the term 'the Double' is referring to the achievement of a club that wins the top division and Challenge Cup in the same season.
To date, this has been achieved by ten clubs but by only four clubs during the Super League era. To date seven teams have won the treble, only Bradford Bulls , St.
Helens and Leeds Rhinos have won the treble in the Super League era. Not all of these cups were available in the past but have replaced other cups that could be won.
The League Leaders' Shield is awarded to the team finishing the regular season top of Super League; this is also known as a minor premiership. The League Leader's Shield was introduced only in , previously no prize was awarded to the team finishing top following the introduction of the Grand Final.
This is considered more prestigious than the minor premiership. Each year, the year of a champion team's triumph, team name and team Rugby league football captain are engraved.
The record for most Super League titles won is held by St. Helens and Leeds with eight titles. Leeds captain Kevin Sinfield currently holds the record for captaining the most Super League title winning sides after captaining Leeds to their first 7 grand final successes.
Helens contested the final 6 years in a row from until during which time they succeeded only once in lifting the trophy against Hull F.
However, St. Helens made a victorious return in , defeating rivals, Wigan 14—6 and have since won a further two grand finals, defeating Salford in and Wigan again, in Following their , and defeats to St.
Hull FC , Warrington , , , and , Castleford , and Salford have all appeared in the Grand Final but never won. It has continued from pre-Super League times, with the first such award given in It was renamed in honour of Steve Prescott in The Albert Goldthorpe Medal is an award voted for be members of the press who cast a vote after every game of the regular season.
The three players who, in the opinion of the reporter, have been the three 'best and fairest' players in the game will receive three points, two points and one point respectively.
To be eligible for a vote, a player must not have been suspended from the competition at any stage during the season.
Each season a "Dream Team" is also named. The best thirteen players in their respective positions are voted for by members of the sports press.
The dream team is as follows:. The Super League has had three official logos. The first was used for the inaugural season in and until The title sponsors name would appear above the logo until when title sponsors First Utility used their own personalised logos that appeared on player shirts and in the media.
The reigning champions had a ribbon around the logo with champions on it until The second official logo was introduced in as part of a radical rebrand across British rugby league.
It had a rectangular backdrop representing the George Hotel, where rugby league was founded, thirteen lines representing thirteen players, a chevron which are well known for appearing on rugby league shirts and the S which represents the ball and the Super League.
The current champions have a gold logo. Ahead of the Super League season a new logo was revealed. SLT Formats. Join us. Vote for me New Zealand.
It is considered to be one of the best and most intense in the world, being ranked among the greatest football rivalries of all-time by various international sources.
There are 18 clubs in the Süper Lig. During the course of the season from August to May each club plays the others twice a double round robin system , once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 34 games.
Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head record, then goal difference, and then goals scored.
At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head record and then goal difference determine the winner.
The three lowest placed teams are relegated to the 1. Lig and the top two teams from the 1. Lig, together with the winner of play-offs involving the third to sixth placed 1.
Lig clubs are promoted in their place. Qualification for European competitions is as follows: champions qualify for the group stage of the Champions League , runners-up qualify for the second qualifying round of the Champions League, third place qualifies for the third qualifying round of the Europa League , and fourth place qualifies for the second qualifying round of the same competition.
A fifth spot is given to the winner of the Turkish Cup , who qualify for the play-off round of the Europa League. If the Turkish Cup winner has already qualified for European competition through their league finish, the next highest placed club in the league takes their place.
In total, 15 clubs have won the Turkish championship title, including titles won before the Süper Lig's inception, namely in the former Turkish Football Championship and Turkish National Division ,  which are denied and not counted by the Turkish Football Federation , even though they were official championships by the TFF itself.
The Cup was established in to find a national champion to represent Turkey, after UEFA decided that only national champions could participate in the European Cup.
The honor of Golden Stars was introduced in football to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys.
In Turkey, clubs are permitted to place a golden star above their crest for every five national championships won. As of , 72 clubs have participated.
Note: The tallies below include up to the season. Teams denoted in bold are current participants. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Top tier of association football in Turkey. This article is about the league in Turkey. Main article: —20 Süper Lig. Main article: List of Turkish football champions.
Top scorers [ edit ] See also: List of Süper Lig top scorers. See also: Football records and statistics in Turkey. Main article: Turkish football clubs in European competitions.
Denizli 12 —81 : B. Öztürk 15 —82 : S. Yula 16 —83 : S. Kocaman 29 —90 : F. Kocaman 25 —93 : T. Uygun 22 —95 : A. Kocaman 27 —96 : Arveladze 25 —97 : H.
Aykut 30 —01 : O. Biryol 25 —05 : F. Tekke 31 —06 : G. Ünal 25 —07 : Alex 19 —08 : S. Football in Turkey. Men's results footballers managers B U Youth Futsal.
Women's U U U Turkish Cup Turkish Super Cup. List of champions List of clubs by foundation date List of venues by capacity Foreign players.
List of clubs. Records Turkish sports corruption scandal. Liechtenstein is the only UEFA member association without a national league. Categories : Süper Lig Top level football leagues in Europe establishments in Turkey Sports leagues established in Football leagues in Turkey National championships in Turkey Professional sports leagues in Turkey.
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Wikimedia Commons. Galatasaray 22 titles. List of broadcasters. Current: —21 Süper Lig. Ankaragücü a.Main article: Challenge Cup. To date seven teams have won the treble, only Bradford BullsSt. Helens made a victorious return indefeating rivals, Epic Games Zahlungsmethoden 14—6 and have since won a further two grand finals, defeating Salford in and Wigan again, in Retrieved 26 May For other uses, see Super League disambiguation. Sky Sports. Retrieved 25 January — via The Guardian. Categories : Super League establishments in Europe Sports leagues Merkur Spiele Tricks in Rugby league competitions in the United Kingdom European rugby league competitions Professional sports leagues in the United Kingdom Professional sports leagues in France Professional sports leagues in Canada Multi-national professional sports leagues. Most of the teams that have competed Poker Osnabrück it have been in its heartlands of the M62 Corridor between Yorkshire and Lancashire. This is considered more prestigious than the minor premiership. Süper League 25 —07 : Alex 19 —08 : S. Before Super League began inthe final used to take place at Wembley Stadium at the end of April or the start of May, usually 2 Trading Portale after the regular season ended. Sports portal. Leon Pryce. The league currently has eleven teams: ten from England and Texas Holding from France but will again operate as a 12 team competition fromwith clubs from Championship and League 1 applying for a spot in Super League XXVI.